All times are UTC

Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 1 post ] 
Author Message
 Post subject: What is OHI - OXI (No) Day in Modern Greek History?
Post Number:#1  PostPosted: 28 Oct 2018 06:24 
User avatar

Joined: 28 Oct 2008
Last Visit: 17 Oct 2022 03:05
Posts: 3642
Location: Surrey UK
Gender: Male
Status: Married
Her/His Country: Russia
RW_here_since: July 2008
Times_to_FSU: Too many to remember
What is OHI - OXI (No) Day
in the Modern Greek History?


[size=13pt]If you look at the timeline of World War II concerning Germany and leading up right up to Germany’s defeat, you may notice that Greece factors into this timeline of events.

On the morning of 28 October 1940, the Greek Prime Minister, Ioannis Metaxas replied to Mussolini's ultimatum, that under no circumstances would he agree to an Italian occupation of Greece. Because of this rejection, Mussolini invaded.

"OXI" Day, also referred to as the, “Day of No”, it's an important part of Modern Greek history that is also celebrated as a holiday each year on the 28th October (like today). It marks the day when the Greek PM General Metaxas rejected an ultimatum given by the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, during World War II. Here’s more information about what "Oxi" Day really is and what it means to the Greeks and it's for Greek history:[/size]

Mussolini Gives an Ultimatum to Greece

Greece has a very strategic location, which means that who ever occupies it could control much of the Mediterranean Sea and the surrounding areas. This is especially true of southern islands such as Crete. The strategic position of that island creates an excellent base of operations during war time.

The Axis wanted to set up a presence on Greece to help further its overall war strategy during World War II. Benito Mussolini wanted to give Greece a chance to succumb to occupation peacefully and without fighting, so he issued an ultimatum. He basically said that if Greece doesn’t let the Axis occupy certain strategic parts of Greece its refusal would be looked at as an act of war.

Metaxas Answers the Ultimate with a “No”

Instead of let the Axis enter Greece without a fight, Metaxas stood his ground and refused to let the Axis Powers enter Greece without a fight. Although Metaxas’ response was translated as, “No” or “Oxi” in Greek, he actually responded to the ultimatum in French by saying, “Alors, c’est la guerre,” which means, “Then it is war.” This launched Greece into war with Italy and ultimately into World War II as a whole. Although we do know that Metaxas’ action propelled Greece into war, the Greek people were largely in support of it and considered it an act of bravery.

Greece Enters the Greco-Italian War

After Metaxas refused to let the Axis occupy some of the most strategic areas in Greece, this move started the Greco-Italian War, which took place during World War II. The war officially began on October 28, 1940, which is the day that Metaxas’ rejected Mussolini’s ultimatum, and lasted until 23 April 1041.

The Italians were driven off from Greek soil, which did much to bolster not only the morale of the people of Greece, but of the whole world. They saw the Greek victory as representing the possibility that the Axis could be defeated. People all over the world marveled at the bravery of the Greeks and it seemed to give the Allies a new sense of confidence that it was possible to defeat the Axis. However, eventually the Axis Powers returned to Greece and the country was occupied by the Germans for a time.

OXI Day Celebrations

Today, OXI Day always falls on 28 October and celebrations, such as parades, occur throughout Greece. Although this action resulted in entering Greece into World War II, people all over the world admired Greece’s bravery for standing up to the Axis. Also, Greece eventually did succumb to Axis occupation, but Greece’s bravery during key battles, such as during the Battle of Crete, inspired the rest of the world. This was the first time a small country had stood up against the Axis Powers with any amount of success. The Greek army chased the Italians deeply into the Albania and gave the rest of the world hope that the Axis could, in fact, be defeated.

It’s true that the actions of Metaxas concerning Mussolini propelled Greece into a war that eventually led to the Axis Powers occupying Greece. However, it is also true that the Greek resistance against the Italian invasion, represented a spirit of bravery that is still celebrated by the Greek people today. This was the first tangible moment that the British Allies realized that there was a hope to defeat the Axis Powers. The Greeks rather than give into the dictator, they stood up for Greece and ultimately did what was right.

The Story of Oxi Day




Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 1 post ] 

All times are UTC

Who is online

Registered users: No registered users

You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Jump to:  
Powered by phpBB