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 Post subject: Ukraine remembers famine horror - Holodomor
Post Number:#1  PostPosted: 24 Nov 2009 12:49 
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Holodomor

The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомор; translation: death by starvation) refers to the famine of 1932–1933 in the Ukrainian SSR during which millions of people starved to death as a result of the economic and trade policies instituted by the government of Joseph Stalin. The famine was a part of wider Soviet famine of 1932–1933. There were no natural causes for starvation and in fact, Ukraine - unlike other Soviet Republics - enjoyed a bumper wheat crop in 1932. The Holodomor is considered one of the greatest calamities to affect the Ukrainian nation in modern history. Millions of inhabitants of Ukraine died of starvation in an unprecedented peacetime catastrophe. Estimates on the total number of casualties within Soviet Ukraine range mostly from 2.6 million to 10 million.

The root cause of the Holodomor is a subject of scholarly debate. Some scholars have argued that the Soviet policies that caused the famine may have been designed as an attack on the rise of Ukrainian nationalism, and therefore fall under the legal definition of genocide. Therefore the Holodomor is also known as the "terror-famine in Ukraine" and "famine-genocide in Ukraine". Others, however, conclude that the Holodomor was a consequence of the economic problems associated with radical economic changes implemented during the period of Soviet industrialization.

As of March 2008, Ukraine and nineteen other governments have recognized the actions of the Soviet government as an act of genocide. The joint statement at the United Nations in 2003 has defined the famine as the result of cruel actions and policies of the totalitarian regime that caused the deaths of millions of Ukrainians, Russians, Kazakhs and other nationalities in the USSR. On 23 October 2008 the European Parliament adopted a resolution that recognized the Holodomor as a crime against humanity.


Ukraine remembers famine horror


Ukrainians around the world are marking the 70th anniversary of the great famine, which they describe as the genocide against the nation.

Historians estimate that some seven million people died during the 1932-33 famine, which Ukrainians say was deliberately started by the then Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.

Under his policy of forced collectivisation of agriculture, farmers in Ukraine - known as the "bread basket" of the USSR - were stripped of all their produce, leaving millions of people with virtually no food to survive.


Read below articles from the BBC:
Ukraine marks great famine anniversary
By Yaroslav Lukov BBC News Online Saturday, 22 November, 2003

Also

Ukrainian famine was 'genocide'
By Helen Fawkes BBC News, Kiev Tuesday, 28 November 2006

and more:

Ukraine remembers famine horror
By Laura Sheeter BBC News, Kiev Saturday, 24 November 2007

more

Welsh hero of Ukraine recognised
Svetlana Pyrkalo BBC Ukrainian Service Wednesday, 18 November 2009




From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Poster by Australian artist Leonid Denysenko


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 Post subject: Ukraine remembers famine horror - Holodomor
Post Number:#2  PostPosted: 22 Feb 2012 00:08 
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A map showing the Rate of population decline in Ukraine and South Russia. 1929-1933

Image

Note: The map was based on the data of the localities affected by the Holodomor
and extrapolated to the post-WW2 USSR borders and administrative divisions.

Posting this map, due to one of our new members interest in Russian History and in particular Stalin and I think that this thread should be revived.

The inclusion of the map (in my view) drastically helps in the understanding of this dark stain on the history of the region.



For more info about the map visit: wikipedia: Holodomor Famine Map

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