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 Post subject: Ulyanovsk - Russia
Post Number:#1  PostPosted: 01 May 2009 16:54 
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Ulyanovsk, Russia

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Ulyanovsk (Russian: Улья́новск, formerly Simbirsk (Симби́рск), is a city on the Volga River in Russia, 893 km east from Moscow. It is the administrative center of Ulyanovsk Oblast, and is the birthplace of Vladimir Lenin, for whom it is named. Population: 635,947 (2002 Census).

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Simbirsk was founded in 1648 by the boyar Bogdan Khitrovo. The fort of "Simbirsk" (alternatively "Sinbirsk") was strategically placed on a hill on the Western shore of the Volga River. The fort was meant to protect the eastern frontier of the Russian Empire from the nomadic Nogais tribes and to establish a permanent Imperial presence in the area.

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In 1668 Simbirsk withstood a month-long siege by a 20,000-strong army led by rebel Cossack commander Stenka Razin. At the time Simbirsk possessed a wooden kremlin which was destroyed by a fire during the 18th century.

As the eastern border of the Russian Empire was rapidly pushed into Siberia, Simbirsk rapidly lost its strategic importance, but nonetheless began to develop into an important regional center. Simbirsk was designated a city in 1796.

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The river Volga


In the summer of 1864 Simbirsk was severely damaged by fire, however the city was quickly rebuilt and continued to grow. The Holy Trinity Cathedral was constructed in a restrained Neoclassical style between 1827–1841. The population of Simbirsk reached 26,000 by 1856 and 43,000 by 1897.

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The Printing place


In 1924, the city was renamed Ulyanovsk in honor of Vladimir Ulyanov, better known as Lenin, who was born in Simbirsk in 1870. Another Russian political leader, Alexander Kerensky was also born in Simbirsk.

The construction of the Kuybyshev hydroelectric plant (completed in 1957) 200 km downstream of Ulyanovsk resulted in the flooding of significant tracts of land both north and south of Ulyanovsk and increasing the width of the Volga by up to 35 km in some places.

During the soviet period Ulyanovsk was an important tourist center, drawing visitors from around the USSR because of its revolutionary importance.

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 Post subject: Re: Ulyanovsk - Russia
Post Number:#2  PostPosted: 01 May 2009 17:06 
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Ulyanovsk Today

Ulyanovsk… So much sense is in this word… "City of seven winds". City, which every year grows and prospers, providing stable future for its descendants. One can't help loving this city, admiring its broad streets, gardens and parks, being delighted with its heroic past… And though there are a lot of beautiful cities in the world, Ulyanovsk is the most special among them. It welcomes guests friendly, it has nothing to hide, but it doesn't show off.

In Ulyanovsk you can find corners, which have remained from ancient Simbirsk, narrow streets and low roofs of old buildings. But they don't form the appearance of present-day Ulyanovsk - large modern city, big industrial and culture centre of the Middle Volga Region.

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 Post subject: Re: Ulyanovsk - Russia
Post Number:#3  PostPosted: 01 May 2009 17:10 
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Ulyanovsk Today


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 Post subject: Re: Ulyanovsk - Russia
Post Number:#4  PostPosted: 28 May 2011 08:39 
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Ulyanovsk
Magic of Lenin and Twin Rivers


Ask any Russian what Ulyanovsk’s claim to fame is, and the most likely reply will be: “Lenin was born there.”

But only an Ulyanovsk native will tell you that the Soviet founder is just one of many prominent people associated with the city —and that the secret to why Ulyanovsk has raised or attracted talented people is its location on the Volga and Sviyaga rivers.

The two rivers flow in opposite directions a few kilometers apart in the city. Local folklore has it that the two flows create a mysterious energy that makes Ulyanovsk a magnet for famous people.

“There’s the opinion that the water is energy. Can you imagine two energy flows in different directions? They appear to create a sort of energy field,” said Roman Razumov, head of the Ulyanovsk tourism information center.

“I guess, that’s simply magic,” he said.

In addition to Vladimir Lenin, whose original surname, Ulyanov, now serves as the city’s name, the list of people associated with Ulyanovsk includes the writer Ivan Goncharov and the poet Nikolai Yazykov, who were born here in the early 19th century.

Alexander Pushkin mentioned Ulyanovsk — then known as Simbirsk — in his famous novel “Captain’s Daughter” after visiting the town to collect information about the peasants’ war described in the book.

Modern Ulyanovsk looks very different from what Pushkin must have seen, with rows of multistoried houses occupying the left bank of the Volga. Restaurants belonging to international food chains like McDonald’s, Subway and Baskin-Robbins jostle for space with Russian chains like Shokoladnitsa, Yolki-Palki and Il Patio.

Lenin would no doubt turn over in his Red Square tomb if he could see the makeover that capitalism has brought to his hometown since the Ulyanovsk regional government started implementing an investment program in 2005 that offers significant tax breaks to domestic and foreign investors who set up shop in the city or its suburbs. The program has attracted the likes of British brewer SabMiller, U.S. chocolate maker Mars and Henkel, the German producer of consumer goods and construction materials. The city of Ulyanovsk is also home to SUV maker UAZ and aircraft producer Aviastar.

“The first big foreign company — SabMiller — came to Ulyanovsk in 2006, followed by Mars. Now we see new foreign investors arriving every year,” said Sergei Vasin, executive director of the Ulyanovsk region government agency responsible for working with investors.

The presence of big firms encourages other foreign investors, Vasin said.

Despite the burgeoning manufacturing sector, Ulyanovsk doesn’t leave the impression of an industrial town. The industrial zones are located far from its historical center, where time seems to have stopped and a visitor feels like a character from a Pushkin novel.

What to see if you have two hours

At first glance, the main Ulitsa Lenina in central Ulyanovsk could hardly be distinguished from a street in an ordinary Russian village, with small wooden houses lining both sides. In fact, Ulyanovsk is one of a handful of cities that has managed to preserve the atmosphere of an old Russian province. That is why the city’s wooden architecture is the first thing that catches a visitor’s eye.

Start a brief tour of downtown Ulyanovsk along Ulitsa Lenina, with its colorful two-story wooden houses preserved in their original late 19th-century style. Check out the fanciful design of the carved window casings, which are reminiscent of delicate lace.

Drop in at the Lenin House Museum (68 Ulitsa Lenina; +7 8422-39-49-70), one of four museums dedicated to Lenin in the city. The low-key wooden building was the first home owned by the Ulyanov family, which previously had lived in rented houses. The house, where the Ulyanovs spent their last 10 years in the city before moving to Kazan, bills itself as a place where visitors can get a sense of how provincial intellectuals lived in the second half of the 19th century and displays some of the family’s personal possessions.

On a recent visit, a friendly elderly museum attendant in a knit woolen shawl, Tamara Tarasova, eagerly shared stories about the candlesticks and other furnishings in the house.

After the museum, head up the street to Ulitsa Goncharova, the local version of Moscow’s Arbat, to see the three-story house with a redbrick facade where the writer Ivan Goncharov was born. The house, which now hosts a local history museum, is known as Big Ben among the locals thanks to the clock tower dominating the building.

Just a few meters down the street, stop at a viewing point that provides a breathtaking view of the rolling Volga. The site is easy to find thanks to an enormous stele in the middle commemorating those who died in World War II.

Alternatively, wander through the historical center of Ulyanovsk, with at least a dozen museums concentrated in an area of 174 hectares. Visit the estate of a typical Simbirsk resident (90 Ulitsa Lenina; +7 8422-32-63-19; Ulzapovednik.ru/en/) from the beginning of the last century, complete with an original samovar and a real Russian pechka, a big brick stove that doubled as a bed.

Then head to Bulvar Novy Venets, the highest point in the town, for the best view of the Volga. The promenade surrounded by leafy green tree crowns is a favorite place for Ulyanovsk residents to relax.

En route, check out the monument to the letter “Ё,” which was added to the Russian alphabet by historian Nikolai Karamzin, an Ulyanovsk native, in 1797 and is almost out of use in modern Russian. A big slab of red granite with the carved letter is located right on Bulvar Novy Venets.

For a one-stop tour of all things Lenin, check out the Lenin Memorial (1 Lenin Square; +7 8422-44-19-56, +7 8422-44-19-22; Lenin-memorial.ru), a huge museum complex built in 1970 to mark the 100th anniversary of Lenin’s birth. The heart of the complex is a massive building covered in marble and shaped like two rectangles resting on rows of columns. The museum is crammed with information about Lenin’s life, his contemporaries and his enemies. Exhibits also include paintings, sculptures, illegal and forbidden literature and satirical magazines. Don’t miss the observation deck offering a stunning view of the Volga.

Article By Irina Filatova - MT

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 Post subject: Re: Ulyanovsk - Russia
Post Number:#5  PostPosted: 02 Jun 2011 23:02 
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Hi
Been there - many times. A great city. its my wifes city and love it.

However Lenin is not the only famous person from there. Goncharov is mention, and were a famous writer. However in connection to Lenin, Kerenski were also from that city.

The aviastar makes TU-204 airplane, as well the An-124.

UAZ maes beside its own brand, (google for patriot) Its a pretty one, ssangyong SUV.


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